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Stats and Geography

Geography and Population

Political Structure

Brief History

Important Dates

Flag and Anthem

Coat of Arms

Nagorno Karabakh


Important Dates From the History of Armenia

2492.B.C....... Beginning of the Armenian old calendar
835-825.B.C. Foundation of Dushba (Van), Capital of the Kingdom of Urartu 
782 B.C.  Foundation of the Erebuni (Yerevan) by King Argishti of Urartu
590-585 B.C.  Fall of the Kingdom of Urartu
585-550 B.C. The struggle of Armenia against Marasdan
521-520 B.C. The revolt of the Armenia against the Achamenid Kingdom of Iran
401-400 B.C. The retreat of Xenophon and the Greek Army through Armenia 
334 B.C. Invasion by Alexander the Great
331 B.C. The establishment of Kingdoms of Armenia Major and Armenia Minor
312 B.C. The establishment of Seleucid Kingdom
240 B.C. The establishment of the Armenian Kingdom of Dsopk
220 B.C. Armenia Major and Dsopk accept the rule of the Seleucid Kingdom 
208-188 B.C. Foundation of Yervantashat Capital of Armenia
190 B.C. Battle of Magnesia and the defeat of Seleucids by the Romans
189 B.C. Establishment of Ardashesian Kingdom in Armenia
180-160 B.C. Foundation of Ariashad, the Capital of Armenia
95 B.C. Elevation of Tigran II (the Great) to the Armenian throne
80-70 B.C. Foundation of Tigranakert the capital of the Armenian Empire 
69 B.C. Lucullus, the Roman general invades Armenia and occupies Tigranakert 
66 B.C. The invasion of Armenia by Pompey. Roman-Armenian Treaty
1 A.D. Fall of Artashisian Kingdom
64 A.D. Establishment of Arshakuni Kingdom in Armenia
111-140  Construction of Vagharshapat, the Capital of Armenia
298  Elevation of King Dertad III to the Armenian Throne
301 Adoption of Christianity as State Religion
340 Foundation of Dvin, the Capital of Armenia
361 Birth of St. Mesrob Mashtots in the village of Hatsegats in Taron
368 The imprisonment of King Arshak II in the Anhush fortress
371 The Battle of Tsira
374 Assassination of King Bab
406 The creation of Armenian alphabet
428 Fall of Arshakuni Kingdom
440 Death of St. Mesrob Mashtots
451 Battle of Avarayr and martyrdom of Vartan Mamikonian
484 The Treaty of Nvarsag
536 The first revolt of Armenia against Byzantine Empire
591 The second partition of Armenia between Byzantium and Persia
618 Construction of St. Hripsime Church
640 The first Arab invasion of Armenia and occupation of Dvin
643-652 Construction of Zvartnots Cathedral
661-682 Grigor Mamikonian, Governor of Armenia
703 The first Armenian revolt against the Arabs and the battle of Vartanagerd
885 Elevation of Ashot Bagraduni to the Armenian Throne. Establishment of Bagraduni Kingdom
908-1022 Ardzruni Kingdom in Vaspurakan
921-942 The construction of Aghtamar Cathedral by architect Manuel
948 Birth of St. Grigor Naregatsi
961 Foundation of Ant, the capital of Armenia
1001 The completion of Ant Cathedral by architect Drtad
1045 Occupation of Ant by Byzantium
1071 The Battle of Manazkert and the occupation of Armenia by Seljukids 
1080 Establishment of independent Armenian principalities in Cilicia 
1085 Liberation of the greater part of Armenia by the Zakarian brothers 
1187 Beginning of Levon II's rule in Cilicia
1199 Coronation of Levon II, King Cilicia
1220 Elevation of Hetum I to the Cilicia Throne
1236-1243 Mongol invasion of Armenia
1281 Official confirmation of the Armenian patriarchate of Jerusalem
1344 Invasion of Armenia by Turkmen tribes
1375 Fall of the Kingdom of Cilicia
1411-1467 Armenia under the rule of Kara Koyounlou Turkmen tribe
1441 The re-establishment of the Catholicosate in Holy Etchmiadzin 
1461 Establishment of the Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople
1467-1502 Armenia under the rule of Ak Koyounlou Turkmen tribe
1502 Establishment of Safavid (Iranian) rule in Eastern Armenia
1512 Barzadoumar, the first Armenian book printed in Venice
1604 Deportation of more than 350,000 Armenians to Iran by Shah Abbas 
1666 Printing of the first Armenian Bible in Amsterdam
1677 The secret meeting of Etchmiadzin for the liberation of Armenia
1699 The secret meeting of Angeghagot under the leadership of Israel Ori 
1717 Establishment of Mckhitarist Order in San Lazarro Island
1725-1728 The liberation struggle in Siwnik and Karabagh under the leadership of David Beg
1749 Publication of "Haigazian Dictionary" by Abbot Mkhitar
1761 The negotiations of Hovsep Emin in St. Petersburg
1794 The publication of the first Armenian periodical "Asdarar" in Madras, India 
1827 Tile occupation of Yerevan by the Russian Army
1828 Treaty of Turkmanchai. Establishment of Russian rule in Eastern Armenia 
1829 The Treaty of Adrianopol
1829 Mass migration of Western Armenians to Eastern Armenia
1831 Official recognition of Armenian Catholic Community by Ottomans 
1836 Proclamation of Polozhenic, the Armenian Church By-Laws under Russian rule
1839 Proclamation of "Tanzimat" by Sultan Abdul Mejid, promising civil fights and security to all the subjects of Ottoman Empire
1848 Official recognition of the Armenian Evangelical community by the Ottomans
1860 Adoption of the National constitution by Armenians under Ottoman rule
1862 Confirmation of the National Constitution by the Ottoman government. The revolt of Zeitun
1878 Treaty of St. Stefano
1878 The Congress and Treaty of Berlin
1879 The creation of "Secret Union of Upper Armenia" in Garin
1881 The creation of "Bashdban Hayreniats" Association in Constantinople
1882 The first demonstration against the Sultan in Garin
1885.. The establishment of Armenakan party in Van
1886 Publication of 'Hunchag" in Geneva. Beginning of Hunchag party
1890 Foundation of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation in Tbilsi
1892 Election of Catholicos Khrimian Hayrig
1894 First revolt of Sassoon
1895............... Introduction of the reformation plan for the Armenians in the Ottoman Empire by the major European powers
1895/96 Armenian massacres by Sultan Hamid
1896 Occupation of Bank Ottoman
1903 The Russian goverment attempts to confiscate the Church estates of St. Etchmiadzin
1905/6 Armenian-Tatar fighting in Baku, Yerevan, Nakhichevan, Kharabagh, Zankezur, Gonja and Tbilisi
1907 Death of Khrimian Hayrig
1908 Proclamation of Ottoman Constitution
1909 Massacres of Adana
1914-18 First World War
1914-15 Creation of Armenian Voluntary Brigades
April 24, 1915 Beginning of the Armenian Genocide. Armenian intellectuals and leaders arrested in Constantinople
1915-1917 Armenian Genocide
1915 The heroic resistance of Van under the leadership of Aram Manougian
1915 The resistance of Shabin Karahisar
1915 The heroic resistance of Musa Dagh and Urfa
1917 Following the February revolution in Russia, creation of special Committee liar Transcausasia (OZAKOM). Pans of Western Armenia liberated by Armenian and Russian fighters is declared as a separate region.
May 28, 1918 Following the heroic battles of Sartarabad, Bash Abaran and Gharakilise, Armenia declares independence.
1919 Official proclamation of united and independent Armenia
Aug. 10, 1920 Treaty of Sevres
Dec. 2, 1920 Fall of the Independent Republic of Armenia
1921 Popular revolt against the Communist rule in Armenia
1921 Assassination of Talaat Pasha by Soghomon Tehlirian
1930 Establishment of the Catholicosate of Cilicia in Antelias, Lebanon
1955 Election and Consecration of H.H. Vasken I, Catholicos of all Armenians
1956 Election and Consecration of H.H. Zareh I, Catholicos of Cilicia
1963 Death of Catholicos Zareh I
1963 Election and consecration of H.H. Khoren I, Catholicos of Cilicia
1977 Election and consecration of H.H. Karekin II, Coadjutor Catholicos of Cilicia 
1983 Death of H.H. Khoren I, Catholicos of Cilicia
1988 Beginning of popular demonstrations in Armenia for the liberation of Artsakh (Nagomo Karabagh)
Dec. 7, 1988 Disastrous Earthquake of Armenia
1990 Parliamentary elections in Armenia. Formation of the national parliament Election of Levon Ter-Petrossian, President of the Parliament
1990 Adoption of the process of independence of Armenia
1990 Adoption of Tricolor as national flag of the new republic
1991 Adoption of "Mer Hayrenik' as national anthem for the new republic Armenia becomes an independent country lbllowing the overwhelming approval of a national referendum.
Oct. 16, 1991 Levon Ter-Petrossian becomes Armenia's first democratically Elected president.
1991 AT&T begins direct-dial long-distance service to Armenia
Nov. 11, 1991 Levon Ter-Petrossyan is inaugurated as the first President of the Republic of Armenia
1991 President Ter-Petrossyan meets for the first time with U.S. President George Bush
1991 President Ter-Petrossyan meets with Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney in Ottawa
Dec. 25, 1991 U.S. President George Bush announces that the United States officially recognizes the independent Republic of Armenia
1992 U.S. Embassy opens in Armenia, the first foreign country to set up a diplomatic mission in Armenia
March 1992 Embassy of the Republic of Armenia in Washington, DC opens its doors and Armenia becomes a member of the United Nations
April 1992 Armenia is the first of the former Soviet republics to sign a comprehensive bilateral trade agreement with the United States
April 1992 Armenia signs the Paris Charter of the Conference on Security and Cooperation (CSCE) in Europe thus becoming a member of the organization, which is a forum for European countries to discuss defense, human rights, and economic cooperation
May 1992 Armenia submits a formal request to the United Nations Security Councilto convene to address the conflict in Nagorno-Karabagh. The Security Council meets on May 12 and decides to send a fact-finding mission to Nagorno-Karabagh
May 1992 Armenia becomes the 163rd country and the sixth former Soviet republic to sign the Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund thus becoming a member of the organization.
June 1992 Armenian Foreign Minister Raffi Hovannisian attends and is a featured speaker at the North Atlantic Cooperation Council Meeting in Oslo, Norway, largely focusing on the need for an immediate cease-fire by Azerbaijan and Nagomo-Karabagh and international mediation to resolve the conflict through peaceful negotiations
1992 Armenia suspends its participation in the third round of the Preliminary Emergency Meeting of the Minsk Group, which had been convened by the CSCE to address the conflict in Nagomo-Karabagh. Armenia cites obstruction by the Turkish and Azerbaijani delegations in preventing consensus among the 11 participating countries and failure to find a way to allow the elected representatives of Nagorno-Karabagh to participate in the peace talks as the compelling reasons for its action
1992 U.S. Peace Corps start-up team arrives in Yerevan, Armenia's capital city, to begin setting up an official Peace Corps office and full-scale volunteer program in Armenia. Forty Peace Corps volunteers are scheduled to arrive in Yerevan on December 7, 1992, for a two-year stint
1992 Armenia is accepted as an Observer to the Non-Aligned Movement during its summit meeting in Jakarta, Indonesia
Sept. 10, 1992 Armenia becomes the 168th member of the Word Bank, under the sponsorship of the Netherands
1994 Catholicos Vazgen I passes away in Yerevan
1995 Election and Consecration of His Holiness Karekin I, Catholicos of all Armenians
1995 Election and consecration of His Holiness Aram I, Catholicos of Cilicia
1998 President Levon Ter Bedrossian elected for a second term.
1998 President Levon Ter Bedrossian resigns
1998 Robert Kocharian is Elected President of Armenia
June 29, 1999 H.H. Karekin I, Catholicos of all Armenians passes away in Yerevan
Oct. 27, 1999 Armed gunmen enter the National Assembly building in Yerevan and shoot dead eight members of the Armenian Parliament -- including the former Defense Minister and Prime Minister Vazgen Sarkisyan, and the Speaker of the Parliament, former Communist-era leader, Karen Demirchyan.
Oct. 27, 1999 H.H. Karekin II Nersissian was elected the 132nd Catholicos of All Armenians